African American Slave
The African American Slave Migration was a population transfer. West African people were forced to move to work as slaves in America. This migration is a lot like the migration on the Trail of Tears because both are forced migrations.
The African American Migration was a huge migration of over 4 million people, but the slaves didn't just come to America for free, they were traded in the triangular trade route. The triangular trade route was named because many of the routes were shaped like triangles. The most popular one started in the Colonies where timber, grain, and rice went to England. Then England traded iron goods to Africa. In return Africa reluctantly sent Africans on the middle passage to the Colonies.
During the middle passage many slaves died. They were tightly packed in the cargo hold of boats with barely enough room to turn around. Diseases spread quickly due to the lack of space. To stop the slaves from dying some trade managers put lessinto a ship hoping the diseases wouldn't spread, and some put even more slaves in so there were more to sell. Neither solution worked.
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4. Boyd, Candy Dawson. Scott Foresman Social Studies . Texas ed. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman; Pearson Education ;, 2003. Print.
The first slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. They were bought to work on plantations so the owners could get more money. Nobody was very friendly to them. They were often discriminated and were constantly working. On the plantations they worked long hours and if they did anything wrong they were whipped. Below is a pisture of a slave's back after being repeatedly whipped.
Slavery ended in the mid 1800's, but African Americans were still discriminated. It was harder for them to get jobs, and there was alot of segregation. Even though this is a very sad migration, some good came out of it. Without slaves there wouldn't be African American with us today. I think it was not a good choice for the plantation owners to take Africans, and feel sorry for the slaves, but at the same time I see the plantation owners point of view. Without the slaves the owners would have a very hard time with the crops. Without the slaves plantation owners would have had a hard life. Either way someone would have a hard life.
1. In 1808 it was illigal to buy slaves.
2.From 1829-1860 southerners bought 60% of the north's slaves
3. By 1860 over 4 million slaves were in the U.S.